These Conditions of Sale set out the terms on which Japanese Gallery (also referred to as "we”, "us", "our" and "ourselves" in these Conditions of Sale) and the seller offer the lots listed in the Sale Particulars.
you should read these Conditions of Sale and the Sale Particulars carefully before PLACING ANY BID OR OFFERING TO BUY ANY ITEM USING BUY-NOW. these conditions of sale and the sale particulars set out terms and conditions which may become contractually binding on you. they also describe certain limitations and exclusions of liability for Japanese Gallery and (where applicable) the third party seller of an item.
By bidding in an auction, or where you (also referred to as the "buyer” and “your” in these Conditions of Sale) offer to purchase a lot using Buy-Now, you agree to these Conditions of Sale and the Sale Particulars shall be contractually binding on you.
If you make a successful bid for a lot in an auction, or purchase a lot using Buy-Now, these Conditions of Sale and the provisions of the Sale Particulars will form a contract for sale of that lot between you and the seller.
The party who is the seller for the purposes of an auction or Buy-Now sale will depend on who owns the lot at the time the sale is completed. If the lot is owned by Japanese Gallery, we will be the seller. If the item is owned by a third party, the third party owner of the lot will be the seller.
Where the third party is the seller, Japanese Gallery will be selling that lot as the agent of the seller. This means that Japanese Gallery is providing services to the third party sellers to help them sell their lot and that Japanese Gallery is concluding the contract for the sale of the lot on behalf of that third party sellers.
When Japanese Gallery is the agent of the third party seller, the contract of sale which is created by any successful bid for a lot, or by any purchase of a lot using Buy-Now, will be directly between you and the third party seller, and not between you and Japanese Gallery. However, even when the sale is by Japanese Gallery on behalf of the third party seller, Japanese Gallery gives certain undertakings to you directly. These are further described below in these Conditions of Sale.
The Sale Particulars will identify who will be the owner of a lot immediately before the sale is completed: this may either be Japanese Gallery or a third party, whose identity may not be disclosed.
The Sale Particulars will specify where the lot being offered for sale is located. This is important because, amongst other things, it may affect shipping costs, the VAT or sales tax being charged.
A. BEFORE THE SALE
1. DESCRIPTION OF LOTS
Certain words used in the Sale Particulars to describe a lot have special meanings. You can find details of these in the Explanation of Cataloguing practice which forms part of these Conditions of Sale following paragraph. You can find a key to Symbols used in the Sale Particulars under the heading “symbols used in this sale”.
Our description of any lot and any condition report and any other statement made by us (whether orally or in writing) about any lot, including about its nature or condition, artist, period, materials, approximate dimensions or provenance are our honest opinion. In reaching our opinion we use the standard of care a buyer would reasonably expect from an auction house of Japanese Gallery standing taking into account the estimate of the lot. We do not carry out in-depth research of the sort carried out by professional historians and scholars. All dimensions and weights are approximate only.
(a) The condition of lots sold can vary widely due to factors such as age, previous damage, restoration, repair and wear and tear. The nature of the lots sold means that they will rarely be in perfect condition. Lots are sold in the condition they are in at the time of the sale.
(b) Any reference to condition in Sale Particulars will not amount to a full description of condition, and images may not show the condition of a lot clearly. Condition reports may be available to help you evaluate the condition of a lot. Condition reports are provided free of charge as a convenience to our buyers and are for guidance only. They offer our honest opinion but they may not refer to all faults, restoration, alteration or adaptation because our staff are not professional restorers or conservators. For that reason they are not an alternative to taking your own professional advice.
3. OUR RESPONSIBILITY FOR OUR DESCRIPTION OF LOTS
Information about our responsibility for our description of, and statements about, lots in the Sale Particulars and any condition report can be found in the following paragraphs.
Estimates are based on the condition, rarity, quality and provenance of the lot and on prices recently paid at auction for similar property. Estimates can change. Neither you, nor anyone else, may rely on any estimate as a prediction or guarantee of the actual selling price of a lot.
B. REGISTERING TO BID
If you have an existing Japanese Gallery account, you can sign into the online-only auction with your existing username and password and then subsequently register for the auction (if you have multiple accounts, you will need to select the account under which you wish to transact). If you have not previously bid or consigned with Japanese Gallery and, therefore, do not already have a Japanese Gallery account, you will need to first create a Japanese Gallery account following the instructions provided at https://japanesegallery.com and providing any required information and/or completing any necessary forms. Registration must be completed within the times specified in the Sale Particulars. For certain online-only sales you may be required to confirm a minimum age.
2. REGISTERING AS PRINCIPAL/ON BEHALF OF A COMPANY
When registering to bid whether as an individual or on behalf of an entity, you accept that in making a bid, you are accepting personal liability to pay the purchase price, including the buyer's premium and all applicable taxes, plus all other applicable charges, unless it has been explicitly agreed in writing with Japanese Gallery before the commencement of the sale that the bidder is acting as agent on behalf of an identified third party acceptable to Japanese Gallery and Japanese Gallery will only look to the principal for payment.
If you are bidding on behalf of an entity as a Super Authorized User against an entity’s transactional account with Japanese Gallery, you must select the appropriate account at the time of sale registration. If you do not already have a Japanese Gallery account you will first need to create one; similarly if the entity does not have a Japanese Gallery transactional account, you will first need to create one. In either situation, Japanese Gallery may require your entity to provide certain documents or meet certain qualifications as set forth below. Please contact Japanese Gallery Client Service to set up your Japanese Gallery account or entity transactional account.
As a successful bidder, if you registered as a company bidder, your company will need to pay for any purchases via a credit card issued to the company account and not a personal account. Japanese Gallery is not able to honour any reseller's certificates through the online-only auction process. As a successful bidder, you will be charged VAT or any other applicable sales tax as part of the check-out process. Buyers claiming exemption and a refund must provide Japanese Gallery with the appropriate valid and up-to-date documentation and Japanese Gallery will facilitate the process of a refund. It is your responsibility to obtain any relevant documentation and provide it to Japanese Gallery and any delay in obtaining a refund shall not justify the rescission of any sale.
3. REQUIREMENTS AND CREDIT LIMITS
(a) In order to register to bid, you are required to supply the information requested, including valid credit card or other accepted payment information. Each bidder is subject to an aggregate bidding limit of GBP 150,000. This bidding limit applies to all items for sale within each particular online auction. This aggregate limit shall apply to all items bid upon in the aggregate, and shall not apply on a per lot basis. The bidding limit is based upon the maximum bid you enter as opposed to the actual bid amount accepted at that time. Japanese Gallery, in its sole discretion, may lower or rescind this limit and has the ability to contact you to request the production of documents or information in relation to such limit. A maximum bid on a lot is deducted against the aggregate bidding limit and the bidding limit will not be reset until that lot closes.
If you should reach the aggregate bidding limit based on the bids you place (whether maximum bids or actual bid amounts), you will not be able to place any further bids on those items or any additional bids on other items. You may adjust (i.e. remove, lower or increase) a maximum bid on a lot as long as the bids accepted on such lot have not met or exceeded the maximum bid amount. If you have a question regarding your bidding limit, please contact Japanese Gallery Client Service at UK: +44 (0)207 229 2934.
(b) Japanese Gallery may also require the production of bank or other financial references or that you meet certain qualifications. Japanese Gallery may also require deposits of a portion of a placed bid to be made to Japanese Gallery. In such event, should you not be the successful bidder, your deposit shall be promptly returned to you. If you are the successful bidder, any such deposit shall be used to offset the appropriate portion of the purchase price.
(c) If you are bidding on behalf of an entity, please contact Japanese Gallery Client Service at UK: +44 (0)207 229 2934. to set up your Japanese Gallery account. Japanese Gallery may require you, or, if you are registering to bid on behalf of a company in accordance with paragraph 2(b), your company, to provide the following types of information and/or documentation: Confirmation of registration (including, but not limited to, a Certificate of Incorporation or Certificate of Formation or Certificate of Good Standing); Confirmation of beneficial ownership (e.g., schedule of shareholders, articles of organization or operating agreement); Confirmation of registered address (e.g., utility bill, bank statement or recent postal envelope, if the registered address is not listed on company documents); and Valid, government-issued photo ID for the account owner (driver's license, passport or national identity card). Japanese Gallery Client Services will contact you to request such information and/or documentation.
(d) Japanese Gallery is committed to the detection and deterrence of money laundering and operates checks and controls for this purpose. In connection with these objectives and in the interests of the reputation and integrity of its business generally, Japanese Gallery reserves the right, at our complete discretion, to: refuse your registration or participation in the auction or Buy-Now sale; revoke your permission to participate and/or refuse to award you lots at any time prior to, during or even after the close of the sale; and require the production of documents relating to your identity and/or creditworthiness at any point, including in connection with any other transactions, whether online or otherwise.
4. OUR RESPONSIBILITY FOR BIDDING SERVICES.
C. DURING THE SALE
1. CONNECTIVITY AND TECHNICAL ISSUES
The application that enables online bidding is optimized for broadband connectivity (DSL or cable modem). Please note that broadband or other internet capacity constraints, corporate firewalls and other technical problems beyond our reasonable control may create difficulties for some users including, by way of example, in relation to accessing sales and in maintaining continuity of such access. Errors may occur in the quality of digital images. We do not accept liability for such difficulties or errors.
2. REFUSAL OF BIDDING
Japanese Gallery reserves the right, in our absolute discretion, to reject your registration to bid; to reject, revoke or refuse to accept any bid or use of Buy-Now (even those that have been previously accepted); to withdraw or divide any lot; combine any two or more lots; or, whether during or after the sale, to restart or continue the bidding or to re-offer the lot as a new Buy-Now item at a fixed price. Japanese Gallery also reserves the right to disable or deactivate your account at any time during the sale. Japanese Gallery may exercise such rights in cases where a manifest error becomes apparent but this does not limit the circumstances in which Japanese Gallery may exercise such rights.
3. ONLINE BIDDING PROCESS/ BIDDING INCREMENTS
An online-only auction is, by its nature, fast-moving. Competitive bidding can often progress very quickly. As soon as you place and confirm your bid amount, the bid is submitted (subject to the aggregate credit limit referred to in paragraph B3(a). You acknowledge that this is necessary in order to ensure that online bids are submitted and received as promptly as bids from other bidders. You accept and agree that bids submitted in this way are final and that you may not, under any circumstances, be permitted to amend, retract or revoke your bid. We are not responsible for any errors you make in bidding. Japanese Gallery reserves the right to restart an auction or to restart bidding on any particular lot if it considers it is appropriate and reasonable to do so.
Once you have made a bid the next bidding increment is shown for your convenience on your “Next Bid” button.
Bidding generally opens at or below the low estimate. Bidding opens at a specified bid amount and advances in increments of up to 10%, subject to Japanese Gallery discretion. Bidding increments:
For Sales in GBP:
£0 to £500 by £20
£500 to £1,000 by £50s
£1,000 to £2,000 by £100s
£2,000 to £3,000 by £200s
£3,000 to £5,000 by £200, £500, £800
(i.e. £4,200, £4,500, £4,800)
£5,000 to £10,000 by £500s
£10,000 to £20,000 by £1,000s
£20,000 to £30,000 by £2,000s
£30,000 to £50,000 by £2,000, £5,000, £8,000
(i.e. £32,000, £35,000, £38,000)
£50,000 to £100,000 by £5,000s
£100,000 to £200,000 by £10,000s
above £200,000 to repeat in the same manner as set forth above.
Japanese Gallery may vary increments during the course of the auction at Japanese Gallery discretion.
Bids may only be submitted between the dates and times specified in the Sale Particulars.
Japanese Gallery may show bids in some other major currencies as well as the currency of the auction, as specified in the Sale Particulars. Any conversion is for guidance only and we cannot be bound by any rate of exchange shown by the currency calculator.
Unless otherwise indicated, all lots are offered subject to a reserve, which is the confidential minimum price the seller will accept and below which the lot will not be sold. The reserve will not exceed the low pre-sale estimate. If any lot is not subject to a reserve, it will be identified in the lot description. If you place a maximum bid that equals or exceeds the reserve on a lot for which the reserve has not been met, the system may automatically raise the current bid to meet the reserve price. Under no circumstances will the system place any bid on behalf of the seller at or above the reserve.
5. THE RECORD OF THE SALE:
The record of sale (which are Japanese Gallery own records which relate to the sale) will be taken as absolute and final in all disputes. In the event of a discrepancy between Japanese Gallery and any online records or messages provided to you and the record of sale, the record of sale will govern.
6. WITHDRAWAL OF LOTS
Japanese Gallery reserves the right, at our complete discretion, to withdraw any lot from the sale, whether prior to or during the auction or Buy-Now sale, and shall have no liability whatsoever with regard to such withdrawal.
7. EMPLOYEE BIDDING
Please note that employees of Japanese Gallery may be bidding in any Online Only auction.
If this functionality is offered it allows you to buy the relevant lot at a fixed price (the “Buy-Now price”), subject to the Sale Particulars and the Conditions of Sale.
A purchase at the Buy-Now price enables you to purchase the lot without taking part in, or winning, the bidding for that lot during an auction. If you purchase a lot at the Buy-Now price, the Conditions of Sale and Sale Particulars for that lot will apply to the sale in the same manner as if you had been the successful bidder in an auction for that lot.
9. SUCCESSFUL BIDS - AUCTIONS
Unless Japanese Gallery decides to use its discretion as set out in paragraph C(2) and C(6) above, the highest bid when the lot closes will be the successful bidder. This means a contract for sale has been formed between the seller and the successful bidder at the end of the auction. Winning bidders will receive an email notification of any successful bid. Bidders are also requested to log in as soon as possible after the sale to obtain details of the outcome of any successful bid by checking the “My Purchases” tab of the online-only auction. We do not accept responsibility for notifying you of the result of your bids unless you are successful.
D. THE BUYER’S PREMIUM, TAXES AND ARTIST’S RESALE ROYALTY
1. THE BUYER’S PREMIUM
We charge a buyer’s premium to the buyer on the hammer price and Buy-Now price of each lot sold (10% of the final price). The amount of the buyer’s premium is set out in the Sale Particulars.
2. VAT AND SIMILAR TAXES
You are responsible for any value added tax (VAT) (including but not limited to, any Import VAT), sales tax or value added sales tax, sales or compensating use tax or any other similar tax payable as a result of the sale of the lot. Further information and guidance as to the application of such taxes are set out in the Sale Particulars. Tax charges and refunds depend on the particular circumstances of the buyer so the information in the Sale Particulars, which is not exhaustive, should be used only as a general guide. In all circumstances the applicable law of the relevant jurisdiction takes precedence.
3. ARTIST’S RESALE ROYALTY
In certain countries, local laws entitle the artist or the artist’s estate to a royalty known as ‘artist’s resale right’ when any lot created by the artist is sold. We identify these lots with the symbol ? next to the lot number. If these laws apply to a lot, you must pay us an extra amount equal to the royalty (unless the law requires the payment to be made by the seller). We will pay a royalty to the appropriate authority on the seller’s behalf. Where the Japanese Gallery selling company specified in the Sale Particulars is located in the EU the artist’s royalty applies if the hammer price of the lot is more than 1,000 euro and the total charge for any lot cannot be more than 12,500 euro. We work out the amount owed as follows:
Royalty for the portion of the hammer price
4% up to 50,000
3% between 50,000.01 and 200,000
1% between 200,000.01 and 350,000
0.50% between 350,000.01 and 500,000
over 500,000, the lower of 0.25% and 12,500 euro.
We will work out the artist’s resale royalty using the euro to sterling rate of exchange of the European Central Bank on the day of the auction.
1. SELLER’S WARRANTIES
For each lot, the seller gives a warranty that the seller:
(a) is the owner of the lot or a joint owner of the lot acting with the permission of the other co-owners or, if the seller is not the owner of the lot, has the permission of the owner to sell the lot, or the right to do so in law; and
(b) has the right to transfer ownership of the lot to the buyer without any restrictions or claims by anyone else.
2. JAPANESE GALLERY AUTHENTICITY WARRANTY
If your lot is not authentic, subject to the terms below, we will refund the purchase price paid by you (our “authenticity warranty”). The meaning of authentic can be found in the glossary at the end of these conditions of sale. The terms of the authenticity warranty are as follows:
(a) It is provided for a period of 5 years from the date of the sale.
(b) It is given only for information shown in UPPERCASE type in the first line of the lot description (the "Heading"). It does not apply to any information other than in the Heading even if shown in UPPERCASE type.
(c) The authenticity warranty does not apply to any Heading or part of a Heading which is qualified. Qualified means limited by a clarification in a lot's description or by the use of a Heading of one of the terms listed in the section titled Qualified Headings in the Explanation of Cataloguing Practice forming part of these Conditions of Sale. For example, use of the term “ATTRIBUTED TO…” in a Heading means that the lot is in Japanese Gallery opinion probably a work by the named artist but no warranty is provided that the lot is the work of the named artist. Please read the full list of Qualified Headings and a lot's full description before bidding.
(d) The authenticity warranty applies to the Heading as amended by any notice given to you during a sale.
(e) The authenticity warranty does not apply if the Heading either matches the generally accepted opinion of experts at the date of the sale or draws attention to any conflict of opinion;
(f) The authenticity warranty does not apply if the lot can only be shown not to be authentic by a scientific process which, on the date we published the Sale Particulars, was not available or generally accepted for use, or which was unreasonably expensive or impractical, or which was likely to have damaged the lot;
(g) The benefit of the authenticity warranty is only available to the original buyer shown on the invoice for the lot issued at the time of the sale and only if the original buyer has owned the lot continuously between the date of sale and the date of claim. It may not be transferred to anyone else.
(h) In order to claim under the authenticity warranty you must:
(i) give us written details of any claim within 5 years of the date of sale. Regrettably, if you fail to do so your claim cannot be accepted;
(ii) obtain the written opinions of two recognised experts in the field of the lot mutually agreed by you and us in advance confirming that the lot is not authentic. We reserve the right to obtain additional opinions at our expense; and
(i) return the lot to the specified saleroom in the condition it was in at the time of sale;
(j) Your only right under this authenticity warranty is to cancel the sale and receive a refund of the purchase price paid by you to us. We will not, under any circumstances, be required to pay you more than this total amount.
(i) Books. Where the lot is a book, we give an additional warranty for 14 days from the date of the sale that if on collation any lot is defective in text or illustration, we will refund your purchase price, including the buyer’s premium, subject to the following terms:
(i) This additional warranty does not apply to:
(a) the absence of blanks, half titles, tissue guards or advertisements, damage in respect of bindings, stains, spotting, marginal tears or other defects not affecting the completeness of the text or illustration;
(b) drawings, autographs, letters or manuscripts, signed photographs, music, atlases, maps or periodicals;
(c) books not identified by title;
(d) lots sold without a printed estimate;
(e) books which are described as sold not subject to return; or
(f) defects stated in any condition report or announced at the time of sale.
(ii) To make a claim under this paragraph you must give written details of the defect and return the lot to the location from which it was shipped to you (or as we direct) in the same condition as at the time of sale, within 14 days of the date of the sale.
3. DISCLAIMER OF ADDITIONAL WARRANTIES
To the fullest extent permissible under applicable law, Japanese Gallery and the seller disclaim and exclude any and all other warranties of any kind relating to the lots and the online-only service, whether express or implied by statute or common law or otherwise.
This disclaimer and exclusion does not affect your statutory rights as a consumer, nor your rights under the warranties in paragraphs E1 and E2.
1. HOW TO PAY
(a) You must pay the total amount due: in the case of auctions by no later than the time specified in the Sale Particulars. In the case of Buy Now sales you must commence the payment process within 30 minutes of adding an item to your basket and complete the payment process within a further period of 15 minutes of starting that process. The total amount due is the total of the following amounts:
(i) the hammer price and the buyer’s premium (in the case of a sale by auction) OR the Buy-Now price in the case of a Buy-Now sale;
(ii) any amounts due under paragraph D3 (artist's royalty) above;
(iii) all shipping and related costs and charges including Loss, Damage and Liability (LDL); and
(iv) any duties, goods, sales or service tax or VAT.
International Duties: For international buyers, the terms of sale are Delivered Duty Unpaid (DDU). It is your responsibility to ascertain and pay all international duties, custom charges, taxes, charges and tariffs owed to the appropriate government entity or that otherwise need to be paid prior to shipment and/or delivery including any third-party charges necessary to facilitate shipment.
(b) We will only accept payment from the registered bidder. We cannot change the buyer’s name on an invoice or re-issue the invoice in a different name. You must pay immediately even if you want to export the lot and you need an export license.
(c) You must pay for any lot bought at Japanese Gallery via the online-only auction by a permitted credit or debit card unless an alternative method is specified in the Sale Particulars. We will only accept credit cards with a MasterCard, Visa, American Express or China Union Pay (if the China Union Pay credit card has a Visa or MasterCard logo) and (in the case of sales where the Japanese Gallery selling entity is in the United States, Discover – including Diners Club International and JCB). Other methods of payment will not be accepted unless specified.
Japanese Gallery will only accept payment from the registered bidder. If you registered and bid as a company, your company will need to pay for any purchases via a credit card issued to the company account. Partial payment of a lot, or payment across multiple credit cards for a single lot, will not be allowed. If you purchase multiple lots, you may purchase one lot with one credit card and another lot with a different credit card but you will need to go through two separate check-outs. Please contact Japanese Gallery on UK: +44 (0)207 229 2934 for any questions relating to payments.
2. PAYMENT METHOD Please note that if you pay for your purchase using a credit card issued outside the region of the sale, depending on the type of card and account you hold, the payment may incur a cross-border transaction fee. If you think this may apply to you, please check with your credit card issuer before proceeding to check-out.
3. TRANSFERRING OWNERSHIP TO YOU
You will not own the lot until we have received full and clear payment of all amounts due.
4. TRANSFERRING RISK TO YOU
The risk in and responsibility for the lot will transfer to you from whichever is the earlier of the following:
(a) When the lot comes into your physical possession or that of any person you identify to take possession of the lot if we dispatch the lot to you using the method of shipping which we have specified for the sale in the Sale Particulars;
(b) If you arrange to use a carrier to deliver the goods to you and the carrier is not one that we provide as an option for you to choose, when the lot is collected by that carrier; or
(c) if collection is permitted (the Sale Particulars will state if collection is allowed), when you collect the lot.
5. WHAT HAPPENS IF YOU DO NOT PAY
(a) If you fail to pay us the total amount due in full by the due date, we will be entitled to do one or more of the following (as well as enforcing any other rights we have by law):
(i) We can charge you a late-payment fee worked out at a rate of 5% a year above the UK Barclays base rate from time to time on the unpaid amount due;
(ii) We can cancel the sale of the lot. If we do this, we may sell the lot again, in which case you must pay us any shortfall between the total amount due to us and the proceeds from the resale.
(iii) In the case of Buy-Now sales, failure to complete payment within the time allowed will result in the lot being re-offered in the sale. You must also pay all costs, expenses, losses, damages and legal fees we have to pay or may suffer and any shortfall on seller’s commission and buyer’s premium we have to pay on the resale;
(iv) We can hold you legally responsible for the total amount due and may begin legal proceedings to recover it together with our late-payment fee, legal fees and costs as far as we are allowed by law;
(v) We can take what you owe us from any amounts which we or any company in the Japanese Gallery Group may owe you (including any deposit or other part-payment which you have paid to us);
(vi) We can at our sole option reveal your identity and contact details to the seller; and/or
(vii) We can take any other action we see necessary or appropriate.
(b) If you owe money to us or to another Japanese Gallery Group company, we can use any amount you do pay, including any deposit or other part-payment you have made to us, or which we owe you, to pay off any amount you owe to us or another Japanese Gallery Group company for any transaction.
6. KEEPING YOUR PROPERTY
If you owe money to us or to another Japanese Gallery Group company, as well as the rights set out in paragraph F5 above, we can use or deal with any of your property we hold or which is held by another Japanese Gallery Group company in any way we are allowed to by law.
We will only release this property to you after you pay us or the relevant Japanese Gallery Group company in full for what you owe. However, if we choose, we can also sell your property in any way we think appropriate. We will use the proceeds of the sale against any amounts you owe us and we will pay any amount left from that sale to you. If there is a shortfall, you must pay us any difference between the amount we have received from the sale and the amount you owe us.
G. TRANSPORT AND SHIPPING
1. TRANSPORT AND SHIPPING
We will provide third parties such as Mail Box to arrange pick-up. As for Japanese Gallery, we will be using DHL or royal mail, where appropriate, at the clients request. Japanese Gallery will not take any responsibility for loss or damage, once the item has been handed over to relevant transport and shipping company. Any issues must be taken up between buyer/seller with the relevant transport and shipping company.
If we don’t receive instruction from client regarding the shipping within 2 weeks after the sale, we will charge the storage fee per day dependent on the size and amount of items. We will ship your Buy-Now purchased lots that are paid for in full by the payment deadline as specified in the Sale Particulars to the address you provide at check-out, no later than 30 days from the conclusion of the contract, unless otherwise explicitly agreed. Purchases cannot be delivered to P.O. boxes.
You will be responsible for any and all shipping expenses, including costs, packing and handling, loss damage liability fees as specified in the Sale Particulars. Although we shall use reasonable efforts to take care when handling, packing and facilitating any shipment of a purchased lot, Japanese Gallery is not responsible for any acts or omissions of any third party retained for these purposes, including, without limitation, any packing, shipping or delivery of purchased lots. Similarly, where we may suggest any third party handler, packer or carrier if so requested, we do not accept liability for their acts or omissions and you agree to release us from any such liability.
2. EXPORT AND IMPORT
(a) We aim not to include any lots in online-only sales which will be prevented from leaving the country by the laws of the country in which the lot is located, or from being delivered to a country selected by the buyer to which it is to be shipped.
However, any lot sold may be affected by laws on exports from the country in which it is sold and the import restrictions of other countries. Many countries require a declaration of export for property leaving the country and/or an import declaration on entry of property into the country.
Obtaining the necessary permits and/or licenses may result in additional costs and subsequent delays. Local laws may prevent you from importing a lot or may prevent you selling a lot in the country you import it into. You alone are responsible for getting advice about and meeting the requirements of any laws or regulations which apply to exporting or importing any lot prior to bidding. If you are refused a license or there is a delay in getting one, you must still pay us in full for the lot. We may be able to help you apply for the appropriate licenses, if you ask us to and pay our fee for doing so.
(b) Lots made of protected species
Lots made of or including (regardless of the percentage) endangered and other protected species of wildlife are marked with the symbol ~ in the Sale Particulars. This material includes, among other things, ivory, tortoiseshell, crocodile skin, rhinoceros horn, whalebone and certain species of coral, together with Brazilian rosewood.
Several countries refuse to allow you to import property containing these materials, and some other countries require a license from the relevant regulatory agencies in the countries of exportation as well as importation. As a result, you should check the relevant customs laws and regulations before bidding on any lot containing wildlife material if you plan to import the lot into another country.
Gold of less than 18ct does not qualify in all countries as ‘gold’ and may be refused import into those countries as ‘gold’.
Jewellery may require an export license subject to age and value criteria. Obtaining the necessary license may result in additional costs and subsequent delays. We can apply on your behalf if you make a request for us to do so as part of the online check-out process.
H. OTHER IMPORTANT TERMS
1. YOUR LEGAL RIGHTS
(a) Japanese Gallery offers internet services as a convenience to our clients, but Japanese Gallery will not be responsible to you for errors or failure to execute bids placed on the internet or on your mobile device, including, without limitation, errors or failures caused by: (i) any loss of connection to the online-only sale; (ii) a breakdown or problems with the online bidding software; and/or (iii) a breakdown or problems with any internet connection, computer, mobile device or system. Execution of on-line and mobile internet bids is a free service and Japanese Gallery does not accept liability for failing to access the bidding site or to execute an online or mobile internet bid or for errors or omissions in connection with this activity.
2. OUR LIABILITY TO YOU WHEN WE SELL A LOT WHICH IS NOT OWNED BY JAPANESE GALLERY
(a) We have no liability to you in relation to the seller’s warranties in paragraph E1 or in relation to any terms which are implied into contracts by law and which are the responsibility of the seller of an item.
(b) In any event, subject to paragraph H2(f), we shall have no liability to you for (i) any loss of profit, loss of business, business interruption, loss of business opportunity, loss of anticipated savings, loss of goodwill, loss of revenue or any wasted expenditure; or (ii) any indirect or consequential loss or damage whatsoever.
(c) Please be aware that condition reports, and currency converter are free services and we are not responsible to you for any errors (human or otherwise), omission or breakdown in these services.
(d) Subject to paragraph H2(f), we have no responsibility to any person other than a buyer in connection with the purchase of any lot.
(e) If, in spite of the terms in paragraphs (a) to (d) above, we are found to be liable to you for any reason, subject to paragraph H2(f), our maximum aggregate liability to you pursuant to these Conditions of Sale and any related Sale Particulars shall be limited to the purchase price plus buyer’s premium paid by you to us.
(f) Nothing in these Conditions of Sale shall limit or exclude the liability of Japanese Gallery for death or personal injury caused by its negligence, fraudulent misrepresentation or fraudulent concealment or for any other liability which cannot be limited or excluded by applicable law.
3. SELLER’S LIABILITY
(a) Please note that Japanese Gallery will be the seller if it owns a lot; if it does not own a lot, it acts as an agent for the seller and this paragraph H3 shall only relate to the liability of the third party seller of the lot. If Japanese Gallery is the owner of a lot, this paragraph H3 shall be applicable to Japanese Gallery liability to you. If Japanese Gallery is the owner of a lot, this will be indicated in the Sale Particulars.
(b) Please note the exclusions of warranties set out in paragraph E3. Paragraph E3 limits the seller's liability to you.
(c) subject to paragraph H3(e), the seller’s maximum aggregate liability to you pursuant to these conditions of sale and any related Sale Particulars shall be limited to the purchase price paid by you to us.
(d) Subject to paragraph H3(e), the seller shall have no liability to you for any loss of profit, loss of business, business interruption, loss of business opportunity, loss of anticipated savings, loss of goodwill, loss of revenue or any wasted expenditure; or (ii) any indirect or consequential loss or damage whatsoever.
(e) Nothing in these Conditions of Sale shall limit or exclude the liability of the seller for death or personal injury caused by its negligence, fraudulent misrepresentation or fraudulent concealment or for any other liability which cannot be limited or excluded by applicable law.
4. EVENTS OUTSIDE THE CONTROL OF JAPANESE GALLERY OR THE SELLER
Neither we, you, nor the seller will be responsible for any failure to meet any obligation which we you or the seller has under these Conditions of Sale or under the Sale Particulars which is caused by circumstances beyond our, your or the seller’s reasonable control. This includes, but is not limited to strikes, lock-outs fire, flood, natural disasters, war, armed conflict, terrorist attack and nuclear and chemical contamination.
5. OUR ABILITY TO CANCEL
In addition to the other rights of cancellation contained in this agreement, we can cancel the sale of a lot if we reasonably believe that completing the transaction is or may be unlawful or that the sale places us or the seller under any liability to anyone else or may damage our reputation.
We own the copyright in all images, illustrations and written material produced by or for us relating to a lot (including the contents of our Sale Particulars). You cannot use them without our written permission. We do not offer any guarantee that you will gain any copyright or other reproduction rights to the lot.
7. ENFORCING THIS AGREEMENT
If a court finds that any part of this agreement is not valid, or is illegal or impossible to enforce, that part of the agreement will be treated as being deleted, and the rest of this agreement will not be affected.
8. TRANSFERRING YOUR RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES
You may not grant a security over or transfer your rights or responsibilities under these terms on the contract of sale with the buyer unless we have given our written permission. This agreement will be binding on your estate and anyone who takes over your rights and responsibilities.
If we have provided a translation of these conditions of sale, we will use the English language version in deciding any issues or disputes which arise under this agreement.
10. PERSONAL INFORMATION
All payments information relating to the sale is collected and processed directly by Barclays, and not by Japanese Gallery.
Barclays may undertake fraud prevention reviews prior to processing any payment or as part of the payment process. Payment specific information which is submitted to Barclays is processed on PCI compliant secure servers and in accordance to Barclays PCI Compliance certification.
The information submitted and used for processing payments is as below:
- Name and contact details including shipping and billing addresses
- Credit Card information
- Total transaction value
- Your IP Address of which you are checking out from
Japanese Gallery does not have access to, or retain any credit card or other payment information details.
No failure or delay to exercise any right or remedy provided under these conditions of sale shall constitute a waiver of that or any other right or remedy, nor shall it prevent or restrict the further exercise of that or any other right or remedy. No single or partial exercise of such right or remedy shall prevent or restrict the further exercise of that or any other right or remedy.
12. LAW AND DISPUTES
This agreement and any rights arising outside this agreement shall be governed by the laws of the united kingdom.
I. Conditions of Sale
1. REPORTING ON JAPANESEGALLERY.COM
Details of all lots sold by us, including Sale Particulars descriptions and prices, may be reported on japanesegallery.com. Auction sales totals are hammer price plus buyer’s premium and do not reflect costs, financing fees, or application of buyer’s or seller’s credits. We regret that we cannot agree to requests to remove these details from japanesegallery.com.
authentic: a genuine example, rather than a copy or forgery of:
(i) The work of a particular artist, author or manufacturer, if the lot is described in the title description (and not qualified) as the work of that artist, author or manufacturer;
(ii) A work created within a particular period or culture, if the lot is described in the title description (and not qualified) as a work created during that period or culture;
(iii) A work for a particular origin source if the lot is described in the title description (and not qualified) as being of that origin or source; or
(iv) In the case of gems, a work which is made of a particular material, if the lot is described in UPPERCASE as being made of that material.
authenticity warranty: the guarantee we give in this agreement that a lot is authentic as set out in section E2 of this agreement.
Buy-Now: a facility which we may provide either for you to buy a lot during the course of an auction or until a fixed time, or for you to buy a lot which is not offered for sale as part of an auction, in either case at a fixed price.
Buy-Now price: the fixed price at which property may be offered for sale using the Buy-Now facility.
buyer’s premium: the charge the buyer pays us along with the hammer price.
Japanese Gallery: the company within Japanese Gallery Group and specified in the Sale Particulars which offers to sell a lot either as an agent for the seller or as the owner of the lot
Japanese Gallery Group: Japanese Gallery Kensington Ltd, its subsidiaries and other companies within its corporate group.
condition: the physical condition of a lot.
Conditions of Sale: the Conditions of Sale set out above; our Explanations of Cataloguing Practice; the explanation of symbols used in the Sale Particulars; and the explanation of the application of VAT or other similar applicable sales taxes.
estimate: the price range included in the particulars of Sale within which we believe a lot may sell. low estimate means the lower figure in the range and high estimate means the higher figure. The mid estimate is the midpoint between the two.
hammer price: the amount of the highest bid for the sale of a lot via auction.
Heading: has the meaning given to it in paragraph E2.
lot: an item to be offered for sale at an online auction or Buy-Now sale (or two or more items to be offered at auction or Buy-Now sale as a group).
lot description: the description of a lot in the Sale Particulars for the sale, as amended by any notice given to you during the auction or Buy-Now sale.
online-only sale: a sale of a lot which is conducted solely by means of Japanese Gallery online-only service sale platform.
online-only service: a platform and associated technical services accessible solely by online means which enables a buyer to bid for and buy lots through an auction or by using Buy-Now.
provenance: the ownership history of a lot.
Qualified has the meaning given to it in paragraph E2 and Qualified title descriptions means the section headed Qualified title descriptions on the page of the Sale Particulars headed “Explanation of Cataloguing Practice”.
reserve: the confidential amount below which we will not sell a lot.
Sale Particulars: the Lot information (the online description of the lot or lots offered for sale together with other information on the sale website relating to a lot and the conduct of the sale); lot notes; payment information; any on-screen notices displayed as part of a sale; and any Special Conditions of Sale which apply to any lotor group of lots offered for sale at the same time;
seller: the owner of a lot; this may be either Japanese Gallery or another owner for whom Japanese Gallery acts as agent, as indicated in the Sale Particulars
Special Conditions of Sale: any additional conditions which apply to a sale and which are set out in the Sale Particulars
Super Authorised User: an individual authorized to execute transactions on behalf of an entity which has a registered transactional account
total amount due: has the meaning given to it in paragraph F 1 (a).
UPPER CASE type means having all capital letters.
warranty: a statement or representation in which the person making it guarantees that the facts set out in it are correct.
K - Vat Symbols and Explanation
VAT payable varies by symbol described below – as indicated by the symbol associated with a lot
No Symbol : We will use the Auctioneers’ Margin Scheme. No VAT will be charged on the hammer price.
Symbol VAT at 20% will be added to the buyer’s premium but will not be shown separately on our invoice.
(Books only: No VAT is payable on the hammer price or the buyer’s premium
† VAT will be charged at 20% on both the hammer price and buyer’s premium and shown separately on our invoice.
* These lots have been imported from outside the EU for sale and placed under the Temporary Admission regime. Import VAT is payable at 5% on the hammer price. VAT at 20% will be added to the buyer’s premium but will not be shown separately on our invoice.
? These lots have been imported from outside the EU for sale and placed under the Temporary Admission regime. Import VAT is payable at 20% on the hammer price. VAT at 20% will be added to the buyer’s premium but will not be shown separately on our invoice.
? • If you register to bid with an address within the EU you will be invoiced as though the lot had no VAT symbol (see No Symbol above)
• If you register to bid with an address outside of the EU you will be charged under normal VAT rules (see † symbol above)
# Books: We will use the Auctioneers’ Margin Scheme. No VAT is charged on the hammer price. VAT at 20% will be added to the buyer’s premium but will not be shown separately on our invoice.
VAT refunds: what can I reclaim?
1. Non VAT registered UK or EU buyer: No refund is possible
UK VAT registered buyer
No symbol, ? and #: The VAT amount in the buyer’s premium cannot be refunded. However, upon request we can reinvoice you under normal UK VAT rules (as if the lot had been sold with a † symbol) instead of the Auctioneers’ Margin Scheme. You can then reclaim the VAT charged through your own VAT return subject to HMRC’s rules.
† You can reclaim the VAT charged through your own VAT return subject to HMRC’s rules.
* and ? You may be able to reclaim the Import VAT on the hammer price through your own VAT return with C79 issued by HMRC. The VAT amount in the buyer’s premium cannot be refunded. However, upon request we can reinvoice you under normal UK VAT rules (as if the lot had been sold with a † symbol) instead of the Auctioneers’ Margin Scheme. You can reclaim the VAT charged through your own VAT return subject to HMRC’s rules.
2. EU VAT registered buyer
No Symbol, ? and #: The VAT amount in the buyer’s premium cannot be refunded. However,upon request we can reinvoice you under normal UK VAT rules (as if the lot had been sold with a † symbol) instead of the Auctioneers’ Margin Scheme. See below for the rules that would then apply.
† If you provide us with your EU VAT number we will not charge VAT on the buyer’s premium. We will also refund the VAT on the hammer price if you ship the lot from the UK, and provide us with proof of shipping, within 3 months of collection.
* and ? The VAT amount in the buyer’s premium cannot be refunded. On request we can reinvoice you under normal UK VAT rules (as if the lot had been sold with a † symbol) instead of the Auctioneers’ Margin Scheme. See above for the rules that would then apply.
3. Non EU buyer
No Symbol and # We will refund the VAT amount in the buyer’s premium if you meet all of the conditions in note 3 below.
† and ? VAT charged on the hammer price will be refunded if you meet all of the conditions ‡ (wine only) in note 3 below. Trade clients who meet these conditions in full will also receive a refund of the VAT amount in the buyer’s premium. The VAT amount in the buyer’s premium cannot be refunded to non-trade clients.
* and ? We will refund the Import VAT charged on the hammer price and the VAT amount in the buyer’s premium if you meet all of the conditions in note 3 below.
1. We CANNOT offer refunds of VAT amounts or Import VAT to buyers who do not meet all applicable conditions in full. If you are unsure whether you will be entitled to a refund, please contact our VAT team at the address below before you bid.
2. No VAT amounts or Import VAT will be refunded where the total refund is under £100.
3. In order to receive a refund of VAT amounts/Import VAT (as applicable) non-EU buyers must:
(a) have registered to bid with an address outside of the EU; and
(b) export the lot from the EU within 30 days of collection for * and ? lots and 3 months of collection for all other lots and immediately afterwards provide us with satisfactory proof of export.
4. Details of the documents which you must provide to us to show satisfactory proof of export/shipping are available from our VAT team at the address below. We charge a processing fee of £35.00 per invoice to check shipping/export documents. We will waive this processing fee if you appoint Japanese Gallery Shipping Department to arrange your export/shipping.
5. If you appoint Japanese Gallery Art Transport or one of our authorised shippers to arrange your export/shipping we will issue you with an export invoice with any VAT or Import VAT which you would be entitled to have refunded upon export/shipping removed. If you later cancel this appointment we will issue a revised invoice charging you all applicable VAT charges.
6. If you ask us to reinvoice you under normal UK VAT rules (as if the lot had been sold with a † symbol) instead of under the Auctioneers’ Margin Scheme the lot may become ineligible to be resold using the Margin Schemes. You should take professional advice if you are unsure how this may affect you.
7. All reinvoicing requests must be received within 4 years from the date of sale.
If you have any questions about VAT refunds please contact Japanese Gallery VAT
Department Email: firstname.lastname@example.org, Tel: +44 (0)20 7229 2934.
Symbols used in Sale Particulars
The meaning of words [coloured grey][in bold] in this section can be found at the end of the Conditions of Sale
^ Owned by Japanese Gallery or another Japanese Gallery Group company in whole or part.
On occasion, Japanese Gallery has a direct financial interest in lots consigned for sale, which may include guaranteeing a minimum price or making an advance to the consignor which is secured solely by consigned property.
Such property is identified in the catalogue with the symbol º next to the lot number. This symbol will be used both in cases where Japanese Gallery holds the financial interest on its own, and in cases where Japanese Gallery has financed all or part of such interest through third parties. When a third party agrees to finance all or part of Japanese Gallery interest in a lot, it takes on all or part of the risk of the lot not being sold, and will be remunerated in exchange for accepting this risk. The third party may also bid for the lot. Where it does so, and is the successful bidder, the remuneration may be netted against the final purchase price. If the lot is not sold, the third party may incur a loss. Where Japanese Gallery has an ownership or financial interest in every lot in the catalogue, Japanese Gallery will not designate each lot with a symbol, but will state its interest at the front of the catalogue. If property has º next to the lot number, Japanese Gallery guarantee of a minimum price has been financed through third parties.
? Artist’s Resale Right. See paragraph D3 of the Conditions of Sale.
• Lot offered without reserve which will be sold to the highest bidder regardless of the pre-sale estimate in the Sale Particulars.
~ Lot incorporates material from endangered species which could result in export restrictions. See Section G2 of the Conditions of Sale.
? Lot which may not be able to be shipped to the US. See paragraph G 2(d) of the Conditions of Sale.
? Lots containing jadeite and rubies from Burma or of indeterminate origin. See paragraph G 2(C) of the Conditions of Sale.
Explanation of Cataloguing Practice
Condition reports may be made available online. Further, the lot descriptions may include references to condition in descriptions of multiple works. Please contact Client Services at UK: +44 (0)20 7229 2934 for supplementary information, such as a condition report on a particular lot.
The condition of lots can vary widely due to factors such as age, previous damage, restoration, repair and wear and tear. Their nature means that they will rarely be in perfect condition. Lots are sold in the condition they are in at the time of the sale.
Any reference to condition in a catalogue entry will not amount to a full description of condition, and images may not show the condition of a lot clearly. In particular colours and shades may look different in print or on screen to how they look in real life. Condition reports may be available to help you evaluate the condition of a lot.
Condition reports are provided free of charge as a convenience to our buyers and are for guidance only. They offer our honest opinion but they may not refer to all faults, restoration, alteration or adaptation because our staff are not professional restorers or conservators. For that reason they are not an alternative to examining a lot in person or taking your own professional advice. It is your responsibility to ensure that you have received and considered any condition report. Buyers should note that descriptions of property are not warranties and that each lot is sold "as is."
PROPERTY INCORPORATING MATERIALS FROM ENDANGERED AND OTHER PROTECTED SPECIES
Property made of or incorporating (irrespective of percentage) endangered and other protected species of wildlife are marked with the symbol ~ in the lot description (or are identified in the lot description with language indicating as such).
Such material includes, among other things, ivory, tortoiseshell, crocodile skin, rhinoceros horn, whale bone and certain species of coral, together with Brazilian rosewood. Prospective purchasers are advised that several countries prohibit altogether the importation of property containing such materials, and that other countries require a permit (e.g., a CITES permit) from the relevant regulatory agencies in the countries of exportation as well as importation.
Accordingly, clients should familiarize themselves with the relevant customs laws and regulations prior to bidding on any property with wildlife material if they intend to import the property into another country. For example, the U.S. generally prohibits the importation of articles containing species that it has designated as endangered or threatened if those articles are less than 100 years old. Please note that it is the client's responsibility to determine and satisfy the requirements of any applicable laws or regulations applying to the export or import of property containing endangered and other protected wildlife material.
The inability of a client to export or import property containing endangered and other protected wildlife material is not a basis for cancellation or rescission of the sale. Please note also that lots containing potentially regulated wildlife material are marked as a convenience to our clients, but Japanese Gallery does not accept liability for errors or for failing to mark lots containing protected or regulated species.
Buyers are advised to inspect the property themselves. Written condition reports are usually available online or on request.
1. Name(s) or recognized designation of an artist without any qualification
In Japanese Gallery opinion a work by the artist.
-2. "School of... a named artist or recognized designation of an artist"
In Japanese Gallery qualified opinion, a work by a pupil of follower of the artist.
-3. "After ... a named artist or recognized designation of an artist"
In Japanese Gallery qualified opinion, a copy of a work, originally in another medium, by the artist.
- This term and its definition in this Glossary are a qualified statement as to authorship. While the use of this term is based upon careful study and represents the opinion of specialists, Japanese Gallery and the consignor assume no risk, liability and responsibility for the authenticity of authorship of any lot described by this term.
Has a signature, which in Japanese Gallery qualified opinion, is the signature of the artist.
Bears the name of the artist in another hand.
Manually dated, and in Japanese Gallery qualified opinion was executed at about that date.
In Japanese Gallery qualified opinion the work of art was executed at approximately that date.
"INSCRIBED / DEDICATED"
Has an inscription, which in Japanese Gallery qualified opinion, is by the hand of the artist.
Has an inscription, which in Japanese Gallery qualified opinion, appears to be by a hand other than that of the artist.
"WITH FULL MARGINS"
The full sheet which has remained untrimmed since the time of printing.
"WITH WIDE MARGINS"
A wide strip of blank paper surrounds the subject.
A strip of blank paper surrounds the subject.
A narrow strip of blank paper surrounds the subject.
A very narrow strip of blank paper outside the platemark surrounds the subject.
"PRINTED TO THE EDGES OF THE FULL SHEET"
The subject has been printed to the edges of the full sheet, as the artist intended.
"TRIMMED WITHIN THE PLATEMARK"
The paper has been trimmed within the platemark, sometimes resulting in a reduction of the subject.
Prolonged exposure to light has darkened the color of the paper.
Exposure to an acidic mount has darkened the color of the paper.
The edges of the sheet have darkened with time.
Foxing is mould, a microorganism which attacks paper, resulting in small yellow/brown spots.
"PIN HOLE/TACK HOLE"
A speck-like or tiny hole, nor considered a defect when inherent in the manufacture of the print, i.e., registration holes.
Slight fading of the colors. When this is more pronounced, we refer to the colors as being
Dirt/soiling on the paper surface, often due to handling.
A soft to severe unintentional fold in the paper.
A crease in the paper, caused in the printing process, and not a defect.
"REMAINS OF OLD GLUE"
Adhesive residue, normally left by old hinging material.
An indentation in the paper surface.
A soft pressure mark, primarily visible as a shiny passage on a colored area of the subject.
A small damaged area, which may include broken paper fibers and/or ink loss on the print surface.
A tear which proceeds from the edge of the sheet.
A tear which exists within the sheet, and does not extend to the sheer edge.
Where ink or wash has been applied by hand to the subject in order to enhance shadows or to
A small area in which the paper has been repaired and the image has been redrawn.
The signature or numbering appears blurred or partially erased.
Measurements taken from a platemark are indicated as (P.), from a woodblock as (B.), or
from the borderline of the subject as (L.). Sheet size is recorded as (S.).
A piece described with the name of a factory, place or region without further qualification was, in our opinion, made in that factory, place or region (e.g. “izumo”).
Buyers are recommended to inspect the property themselves. Written condition reports are usually available on request.
“A plate in the izumo”
In our opinion a copy or imitation of pieces made in the named factory, place or region.
“A Sèvres-pattern plate”
In our opinion not made in the factory, place or region named but using decoration inspired by pieces made therein.“A Pratt-ware plate”
In our opinion not made in the factory, place or region named but near in the style or period to pieces made therein.
“A Satuma teapot and lid”
In our opinion both were made at the factory named and match.
“A Satuma teapot and lid”
In our opinion both pieces were made at the factory named but do not necessarily match.
In our opinion made from the original master mould made by the modeller and under his supervision.“After the model by…”
In our opinion made from the original master mould made by that modeller but from a later mould based on the original.
In our opinion can properly be attributed to that decorator on stylistic grounds.
FOR PAINTINGS, PRINTS AND
WORKS OF ART
A work described with the name(s) or recognised designation of an artist or maker, without any qualification, is, in our opinion, a work by the artist or maker. In other cases, the following words or expressions, with the following meanings are used:
Buyers are recommended to inspect the property themselves. Written condition reports are usually available on request.
“Attributed to …”
In our opinion probably a work by the artist or maker in whole or in part.
“Circle of …”
In our opinion a work of the period of the artist or maker and showing his influence.
“Manner of …”
In our opinion a work executed in the style of the artist or maker but of a later date.
In our opinion a copy of any date of a work of the artist or maker.
“Signed …”/“Sealed …”/
Has a signature/seal which in our opinion is that of the artist
“With signature …”/“With seal …”/
Has a signature/seal which in our opinion is not that of the artist
Is so dated and in our opinion was executed at about that date.
“With date …”/
Is so dated but was not in our opinion executed at that date.
FOR PORCELAIN AND CERAMICS
A piece described with the name of a period, reign or dynasty without further qualification was, in our opinion, made during or shortly after that period, reign or dynasty (eg. “a imari vase”)
A piece described “in the style of ” a period, reign or dynasty is in our opinion, quite possibly a copy or imitation of pieces made during the named period, reign or dynasty (e.g. “a vase in imari style”)
A reference to a “mark and of the period” means that, in our opinion, the piece is of the period of the mark.
A reference to a mark without reference to “and of the period” means that, in our opinion, although bearing the mark, the pieces were possibly not made in the period of the mark.
Where no date, period, reign or mark is mentioned, the lot is, in our opinion, of uncertain date or 19th or 20th century manufacture.
FOR PORCELAIN AND CERAMICS
(a) A piece described with the name of a period, reign or dynasty without further qualification was, in our opinion, made during or shortly after that period, reign or dynasty (eg. “a imari vase”)
(b) A piece described “in the style of ” a period, reign or dynasty is in our opinion, quite possibly a copy or imitation of pieces made during the named period, reign or dynasty (e.g. “a vase in imari style”)
(c) A reference to a “mark and of the period” means that, in our opinion, the piece is of the period of the mark.
(d) A reference to a mark without reference to “and of the period” means that, in our opinion, although bearing the mark, the pieces were possibly not made in the period of the mark.
(e) Where no date, period, reign or mark is mentioned, the lot is, in our opinion, of uncertain date or 19th or 20th century manufacture.
The following expressions with their accompanying explanations are used by Japanese Gallery as standard cataloguing practice. Our use of these expressions does not take account of the condition of the lot or of the extent of any restoration.
Buyers are recommended to inspect the property themselves. Written condition reports are usually available on request.
1. Shoji Hamda*
In our qualified opinion a work by the artist.
2. Attributed to Shoji Hamda *
In our qualified opinion a work of the period of the artist which may be in whole or part the work of the artist.
3. Circle of Shoji Hamda *
In Japanese Gallery qualified opinion a work of the period of the artist and closely related in his style.
4. School of Shoji Hamda *
In our qualified opinion a work by a pupil or follower of the artist.
5. Manner of Shoji Hamda *
In our qualified opinion work in the style of the artist, possibly of a later period.
6. After Shoji Hamda *
In our qualified opinion a copy of the work of the artist.
Has a signature which in our qualified opinion is the signature of the artist.
8. ‘bears signature’ and/or ‘inscribed’
Has a signature and/or inscription which in our qualified opinion might be the signature and/or inscription of the artist.
Is so dated and in our qualified opinion was executed at about that date.
10. ‘bears date’
Is so dated and in our qualified opinion may have been executed at about that date.
Has a seal which in our qualified opinion is a seal of the artist.
12. ‘bears seal’
Has a seal which in our qualified opinion might be a seal of the artist.
As certain manufacturers may not issue certificates of authenticity, Japanese Gallery has no obligation to furnish a buyer with a certificate of authenticity from the manufacturer, except where specifically noted in the Sale Particulars. Unless Japanese Gallery is satisfied that it should cancel the sale in accordance with the Limited Warranty provided in the Conditions of Sale, the failure of a manufacturer to issue a certificate will not constitute grounds for cancellation of the sale.
REGARDING ESTIMATED WEIGHTS
Certain weights in the Sale Particulars have been estimated through measurement. These figures are to be used as approximate guidelines and should not be relied upon as exact.
LOTS OFFERED WITHOUT RESERVE
Please note that all lots highlighted with red titles in this sale are offered ‘Without Reserve’. These items will be sold to the highest bidder, regardless of the pre-sale estimate printed in the Sale Particulars. We hope that you will find this visual presentation helpful.
We offer an online bidding service via easyliveauction.com for bidders who cannot attend the sale.
Please note that any lots purchased via easyliveauction.com live auction service will be subject to an additional 3% commission charge + VAT at the rate imposed on the hammer price or no commission for the internet bidding if the ‘Flat Fee’ has been chosen at registration.